The LaFerrari needs few superlatives. It is our most ambitious project yet, pushing the boundaries of technology for a road car. It gathers together the marque's greatest technical capabilities from both GT and Formula 1 engineering, delivering the highest performance ever reached by a production Ferrari. And yet, the cause is noble. All this advanced technology will filter to the rest of the Ferrari model range.
As Ferrari’s first production car powered by the F1-derived HY-KERS hybrid drivetrain, it combines a 161-hp electric motor with the most powerful Ferrari V12, itself making 788 hp at 9000 rpm, for a power sum of 949 hp and 663 lb-ft of torque.
Motor Press Iberica
The Ferrari Styling Center, Engineering and Ferrari's F1 drivers worked as one team on the LaFerrari and the results show.
Discover the LaFerrari
The LaFerrari’s driving position draws heavily from F1 influence, with Scuderia drivers directly involved in design and development. The cockpit clearly shows its motorsports origins, yet marries tradition and modernity. The driving position turns normal road-car conventions on their head. The seat is fixed in position. Both the steering wheel and pedal box adjust to meet the driver’s hands and feet.
The steering wheel shows in-depth research and development tied to motorsports with the LaFerrari's various functions integrated in Formula 1 fashion. Designers lengthened the gear-shift paddles, making them more ergonomic. The gearbox control's bridge in the center of the cockpit takes on a suspended wing shape. Lastly, the instrument panel's secondary controls for audio, navigation, climate and telemetry are located on the door and the center of the dashboard, highlighting the mission-critical controls directly in front of the driver.
A reconfigurable digital instrument panel gives the choice of a traditional central tachometer or a more competition-derived display.
The LaFerrari’s silhouette and proportions are a natural product of its architecture with hybrid running gear, yet it still echoes the classic mid-rear-engine sports car archetype. Both the drivetrain and cockpit masses stay within the wheelbase to achieve the best possible balance, visually and dynamically.
Despite having the KERS system and the related batteries, plus numerous electronic components, the LaFerrari is no larger than the Enzo. Actually, the LaFerrari's front and rear overhangs are better balanced due to packaging the complex powertrain. And when viewed from the front and sides, a sharply downward-sloping nose emphasizes the muscular fenders, echoing the glorious Ferrari sports prototypes on the late 1960s and early 1970s like the 330 P4 and the 312P.
Airflow heavily influences the body's sculpture. Elegantly-hewn forms communicate enormous power and aggressiveness, particularly at the wheelarches. The front wears a low wing that appears suspended on a central strut beneath the nose, clearly inspired by F1. Surfaces and texture flow front-to-rear over the cockpit, always serving an aerodynamic master. This fluid surface treatment gives the low drag and high downforce characteristics needed while also channelling air to cool hot components.
The LaFerrari's essential character comes through at the tail section, where its muscle and power shows. Two deep grooves emerge, channelling hot air from the engine and boosting rear downforce.
A large adjustable spoiler sits at the very end of the LaFerrari, perched on a central strut recalling the one at the front. It also shields the KERS system and deploys automatically when needed. Under the LaFerrari's tail, deep apertures are interrupted by movable diffuser flaps. All made from carbon-fiber, they work in concert with the active rear spoiler.
MORE EVOLVED THAN THE F1 KERS SYSTEM.Read more
Pushing the boundaries of technology and performance from a road car, the LaFerrari embodies the best of GT and Formula 1 engineering for the street. Delivering the highest performance ever achieved by a Ferrari production car, it uses technology that will filter into the rest of the Ferrari range in the future.
The LaFerrari is the first production car to emerge from Maranello with a hybrid drivetrain. The 6.3-liter V12 produces 788 hp, while the electric motor adds another 161 hp for a sum of 949 total hp.
It makes full use of Ferrari’s KERS (Kinetic Energy Recovery System) expertise in F1, integrating the two power sources seamlessly and with maximum efficiency. The electric motor's strong low-speed torque allowed high-rpm freedom for the internal combustion V12, creating an unending surge of power throughout all speeds and a torque peak of over 663 lb-ft.
Together as a power unit, the overall dimensions of the internal combustion V12, F1 dual-clutch gearbox and electric motor are surprisingly compact. Engineers also replaced the alternator with an auxiliary electric motor, which not only helps compactness, it also removes weight. Always looking ahead, Ferrari implemented the HY-KERS architecture to be flexible and modular for future application in other models.
The power unit's electric motor is designed with high specific power density, enabling engineers to drastically reduce weight and space in relation to available torque. Performance figures compare to an F1 car with the same torque density and efficiency (94%). Battery size is critical to maintaining the HY-KERS power-to-weight ratio.
An extremely complex assembly of 120 cells fitting into eight modules generate the equivalent of 40 traditional batteries, yet weigh merely 132 pounds. Capitalizing on in-house talent, Scuderia Ferrari manufactures the high-voltage batteries. While driving, the batteries are charged under braking - even hard braking when anti-lock is triggered as when on a racetrack - and every moment the V12 produces more torque than required, as when cornering. Rather than the being sent to the wheels, this excess torque is converted to energy and stored in the batteries.
The HY-KERS system is governed by the Hybrid Power Unit. This controls power delivery from both the V12 and the electric motor through two inverters and two DC-to-DC converters. Variable-frequency control makes torque delivery rapid and precise, improving performance. Carbon dioxide emissions are a low 531 grams per mile without resorting to pure electric drive, the latter being a character not at all in line with the LaFerrari. The HY-KERS system itself, however, can be engineered for other vehicles in future applications to run on pure electric drive.
While it produces 788 hp, the LaFerrari V12 spins all the way to 9250 rpm, giving fantastic performance plus an unmistakable Ferrari V12 song. Such high rpms are the results of volumetric, mechanical and combustion efficiencies. Continuously variable-length intake tracts improved volumetric efficiency and performance. This had been a practice perfected in F1 engine technology until rule changes banned its use.
Total torque generated by the whole power unit is over 663 lb-ft. Instantaneous torque from the electric motor at lower revs make for neck-snapping operation while the V12 engine's power delivers an abundance at high revs. The V12’s solo peak torque of 516 lb-ft actually arrives at 6750 rpm.
From the dynamic air intakes to the intake plenum, the engine's breathing apparatus maximizes intake volume efficiency. The engine also squeezes the most out of every droplet of fuel with a lofty 13.5:1 compression ratio.
A very light, yet strong crankshaft spins in the crankcase. Close attention netted highly aerodynamic counterweights to minimize pumping losses and windage at high rpms.
This crankshaft also benefits from low rotational mass, cut by 19 percent from other V12s in the Ferrari range.
Ferraris must sound special and the LaFerrari breaks new ground sonically. Careful tuning of the exhaust with equal-length, 6-into-1 manifolds help deliver an unmistakable, high-pitched Ferrari soundtrack made even higher due to the additional revs at the top end.
The system was hydroformed using Inconel - as Ferrari does in F1 - to keep weight low. Inconel is also very resistant to high temperatures.
Built in Maranello alongside Ferrari Formula 1 machines.Read more
Ferrari draws on the Scuderia’s F1 experience in materials choice, design, engineering and small-capacity manufacturing, but the teamwork doesn't stop there. Rory Byrne, the legendary F1 designer who conceived 11 Ferrari World Championship-winning cars became a key technical and design consultant.
A working group of GT and F1 engineers first designed a chassis to give the maximum rigidity in all dimensions with minimum weight. Several non-traditional decisions were made early on, including the incorporation of the seat structure as part of the chassis. This reduces weight, enables a more compact architecture and lowers the center of gravity.
With these cutting-edge processes, the engineering team betters the Enzo's already rigid platform by 27 percent, beam stiffness by 22 percent and lowers weight by 20 percent. The chassis is built entirely in-house in Maranello alongside the F1 single-seaters using the Scuderia’s materials and production.
All carbon-fiber is not created equal and the LaFerrari uses four different types of it for areas of the car with differing missions. The LaFerrari is the first automobile to use a tub made from T800 carbon-fiber. The manufacturing process includes hand-laying sheets of the mesh material to ensure accuracy and quality.
Areas critical to passenger protection such as doors sills use T1000 fabric mesh that offers high energy absorption to surpass the strictest side-impact regulations. Structural body elements use another variation of carbon-fiber, M46J, which is extremely rigid, but even lighter. For the underbody, carbon-fiber is joined by Kevlar® to protect the car's structure from road debris and damage.
This multi-material approach actually reduces the number of components and lowers weight. For example, the one-piece rear section is laid up by hand using a combination of M46J and T800 carbon-fiber sheets before being heated. This creates a very lightweight, yet rigid structure. All of the LaFerrari's carbon-fiber is cured in the F1 chassis autoclaves in two phases between 266°F and 302°F using vacuum bags to remove any voids in the laminate.
A PINNACLE, EVEN BY FERRARI STANDARDS.
The LaFerrari architecture had four objectives: maximize aerodynamic efficiency; deliver ideal weight distribution; achieve the lowest possible center of gravity; and, most importantly, seamlessly integrate the new hybrid power unit. The LaFerrari succeeds on all counts and does so without restricting cabin space, reducing comfort or limiting accessibility.Read more
Compared to the Enzo, the LaFerrari's center of gravity is 1.3-in. lower. Also, weight distribution (41-percent front / 59-percent rear) differs from the Enzo with major masses fully inside the wheelbase, helping create a low polar moment of inertia. This aids stability, predictability and grip in all driving conditions.
One of the LaFerrari's greatest challenges is incorporating the hybrid drive system. Despite having the same wheelbase and overall length as the Enzo, the LaFerrari packages its V12 engine, hybrid system, F1 dual-clutch gearbox plus all their cooling systems. Put another way, meticulous, clever engineering and design fits the running gear of two cars in the engine space of one.
The LaFerrari driver is laid back more than in the Enzo and more than in other current production Ferrari models. There's a greater rake to the body, making the LaFerrari a meeting point between sports car and F1 single-seater driving positions. The seat itself is part of the chassis and not bolted into place, improving sensitivity to vehicle dynamics. While the seat is fixed inlace, the pedal box adjusts completely. Similarly, the steering wheel adjusts for reach and height.
FERRARI F1 WIND TUNNEL RESEARCH.
The challenge aerodynamically was to deliver the best aerodynamic efficiency ever achieved by any road car. Through computer modeling at first and subsequent F1 wind tunnel testing, engineers achieved a record level of aero efficiency.Read more
What makes the LaFerrari concept so innovative is the use of active aerodynamics as a tool for the car’s other dynamic control systems, delivering a breakthrough in overall performance not possible if both were independent. Integration of active aero with the dynamic controls and systems make even better use of the downforce and aero balance gains.
The LaFerrari has an extremely compact frontal area for low drag and the greenhouse shape helps airflow reach the rear air cooling intakes.
The front wing creates downforce by eliminating pitch sensitivity caused by the pronounced splitters. A broad central air vent on the front hood extracts hot air from the radiator.
Finally, the front spoiler also generates downforce. A central flap helps keep the air escaping from the vent close to the bodywork to reduce wake turbulence, while the rear radius of the vent reduces drag.
A scallop behind the front fenders boosts air extraction from around the wheels and improves front diffuser efficiency as well as increasing downforce. The airflow then descends and is channelled by the doors to the rear radiators. The two engine air intakes atop the rear fenders provide a ram effect, which increases power by about 4 hp.
The underbody aerodynamics change as the active rear spoiler is deployed:
DYNAMIC CONTROL SYSTEMS AND ACTIVE AERO: WORKING TOGETHER.Read more
The LaFerrari is the first Ferrari to integrate the dynamic control driver assistance systems with active aerodynamics and hybrid technology.
Proprietary Ferrari algorithms govern all the systems, enabling the LaFerrari to reach the most extreme limits of performance without any compromise.
As Ferrari’s fastest-ever road car, the LaFerrari slashes over 5 seconds off the Enzo’s lap record at the Fiorano circuit. The hybrid power unit, evolution in traction and damping control, brakes and tires all make this possible. The integrated development of the entire car - and not simply its 949 total hp and 663 lb-ft of torque - enable this feat.
When the car is cornering, the HY-KERS hybrid drive keeps the V12’s revs up to ensure quicker response to the throttle. When accelerating off a corner, the traction system constantly redistributes torque to the driven wheels thanks to the electronic differential which maximizes available traction. When there is excess engine torque from the V12, the HY-KERS diverts it to recharge batteries.
Braking performance from the LaFerrari is not just important, it's mission-critical. With a new front caliper design and specific pads, brake performance is equal to what the hybrid drivetrain offers. Braking is completely integrated with all vehicle dynamics systems, even to the extent that should anti-lock be triggered, regenerative braking is still recharging the batteries.
The final sequential link in the LaFerrari performance chain is, of course, tires. And this shattering level of performance demands tires as talented as the car itself. Pirelli P-Zeros are the only ones issued on LaFerraris, sized 265/30R-19 in front and 345/20R-20 in the rear. Along with the dynamic control systems, active aerodynamics and all of the holistic suspension development, these tires help reduce response time to steering wheel input by 30 percent compared to the Enzo, while lateral acceleration increases by 20 percent.Close
THE 6262CC V12 PRODUCES 789 HP AND THE ELECTRIC MOTOR A FURTHER 12O KW FOR A TOTAL OF OVER 960 HP.
|Total Horsepower||949 bhp|
|Total torque||>663 lbs/ft|
|V12 maximum power*||788 bhp @9000 rpm|
|Maximum revs||9250 rpm|
|V12 torque||516 lbs/ft @6750 rpm|
|Electric motor output||160 bhp|
|CO2 emissions||531 g/mi|
|Maximum speed||over 218 mi/h|
|0-62 mi/h||<3 sec|
|0-124 mi/h||<7 sec|
|0-186 mi/h||15 sec|
|Bore and stroke||1.7 x 29.6 in|
|Total displacement||6.262 L|
|Weight distribution||41% fr, 59% r|
|Front||265/30 - 19|
|Rear||345/30 - 20|
|Front||15.6 x 8.7 x 1.4 in|
|Rear||14.9 x 9.9 x 1.3 in|
|High perf ABS/EBD||Performance anti blockage system/electronic brake balance|
|EF1-Trac||F1 electronic traction control integrated with the hybrid system|
|E-Diff 3||third generation electronic differential|
|SCM-E Frs||magnetorheological damping with twin solenoids (Al-Ni tube)|
|*||with dynamic ram effect|