First retractable hard top
mid-rear engine

Overview

The 458 Spider
ushers in a new generation of Ferrari convertible

The marriage of technology, design and beauty.

The 458 Spider combines mid-rear engine performance with a retractable folding hard top for unprecedented comfort when closed and exotic Spider performance when open.

458 Spider
PHOTO GALLERY

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Sunny days and balmy nights beckon the open-top Spiders, Cabriolets and Barchettas of a glorious tradition. The 458 Spider brings new passion and comfort to this wonderous mix of driving joy. With your roof tucked away, all other stimuli take on a greater significance: the engine’s soundtrack, the feel of the road's surface, greenery and buildings rushing by, the moon 239,000 miles overhead, the scents of the world fly.


The 458 Spider opens up unique driving emotions, especially when taking a companion along. A rich mix of sounds from 562 horsepower incorporates just the right notes, making timeless mechanical music, awakening the soul.

The main
Awards

Awards
Best Cabrio

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Awards
2012 Best of the Best Co...

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Design

Styling and aerodynamics

The innovative retractable hard top influences the styling of the 458 Spider’s exterior.

360°Experience

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458 Spider CABIN

A seamless combination of comfort and elegance

Ferrari has lavished meticulous attention on space, ergonomics, finish and trim.

The 458 Spider retains the 458 Italia's mission to place the driver in the center of the car's focus. An F1-inspired cockpit minimizes hand movements for complete concentration and precise control at all times.

458 Spider CABIN

People up to 6 feet, 4 inches tall will find comfort in the 458 Spider. The double curved roof and seating maximize the space inside.

The 458 Spider has a slightly less extreme mission than its coupe brother. The interior provides plenty of luggage space in the front trunk and the rear bench. Bespoke luggage sets are available for each storage space and feature a stylish motif that echoes the six air intakes on the engine cover.

The front trunk offers capacity for medium-sized items and a suit bag is available that fits on top of the optional fitted suitcases.

458 Spider CABIN

The rear bench also fits a regular-sized golf bag, even with longer clubs. Redesigning a cross beam helped create the space. Ferrari engineers cleverly incorporated structural protection into the 458 Spider's design, thanks to the unique B-pillar buttresses. Two fitted Ferrari suitcases fit perfectly into the space behind the seats.

458 Spider Cabin

Human-Machine 
Interface

The 458 Spider's steering wheel underscores a continuity with classic Ferrari interior cues like the aluminum central pad while the removal of any indicator and windshield wiper stalks focuses all controls on the steering wheel, simplifying the driver's job by making operation more ergonomic.

458 Spider Cabin

To guarantee sporty, yet safe driving, the 458 Spider is engineered with VDA (Vehicle Dynamic Assistance), giving the driver instant evaluations of vehicle status and performance capability.

Activated when the manettino is in RACE, CT OFF and ESC OFF settings, VDA makes driving even more exhilarating, yet safe as it clearly states conditions most suited to the car at any moment. Brake, engine and tire temperature are monitored as are lateral and longitudinal acceleration, engine speed and vehicle speed.

458 Spider Cabin

Information within the left-side TFT screen coaches the driver on conditions:

- WARM UP: components need to warm up further
- GO: acceptable conditions for maximum performance
- OVER: overheating, cooling of components required

Meanwhile, the right-hand display houses information about navigation, infotainment selection, telephone and virtual tachometer readouts and the optional parking camera.

458 Spider BODYSHELL

New solutions
to accommodate
the open top

The hard top’s movement and storage ahead of the engine made for creative solutions.

The constraints of a retractable hard top provided inspiration for forms that neatly resolve packaging, layout and aerodynamic challenges. While the hood and side bodywork required no modification, the rear was completely redesigned.

458 Spider BODYSHELL

Two sections make up the the hard top. They fold and stack, one on the other, in order to take up minimal space without raising the height of the rear deck. This also allowed designers to create a large enough storage area behind the two seats for a golf bag.

The main aerodynamic problem in transforming the coupe into a spider involves the fact that there is no rear windscreen to direct and channel airflow toward the rear spoiler to create downforce.

458 Spider’s BODYSHELL

Both Ferrari Design and Pininfarina therefore focused on two central elements to solve this issue. The buttresses, which are a classic Maranello styling element, and the engine cover. Their forms were redesigned to tackle the turbulence normally generated by convertibles and Spiders.

The buttresses offer multiple functions. They first act as roll-bars. Unlike the F430, passenger protection and reinforcement structures in the 458 Spider are actually within the buttresses.

Aerodynamically, the buttresses' taper directs airflow onto the engine cover, channelling airflow towards the rear radiators.

458 Spider BODYSHELL

Rear air scoops are larger than on the coupe and not only flow air to the oil coolers, but also the engine air intakes. The larger scoops increase the nolder effect as air velocity slows on the way in and to the greater volume of air affected by that reduced speed.

The engine cover features six air vents, a modern twist on a traditional Ferrari styling cue. Between the two buttresses, an electric glass window serves as an effective wind-stop.

458 Spider’s BODYSHELL

The 458 Spider's engine does not sit beneath a glass pane, as it did in the F430 Spider. With the bigger challenge of sculpting forms that serve high function, engine visibility took a virtual back seat to greater mechanical needs for the retractable top to work properly and to pare the weight.

Innovations

HARD  TOP

The 458 Spider is the world’s first mid-rear-engine sports car with a retractable hard top. The whole concept of the 458 Spider was in support of that feature: to combine comfort, lightweight construction, functionality and performance.

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Improved in-car comfort when closed, full-on nature when open.

The 458 Spider’s unique hard top doesn’t deform at speed like a soft top. The retractable hard top’s structure is incredibly light, as well, weighing 88 pounds less than a traditional hard top and 55 pounds less than a fabric version. The 458 Spier provides improved cabin space and comfort over the previous F430, as well, thanks to the roof’s double curvature. Simplicity means speedy, graceful deployment: as the two sections of the roof rotate simultaneously, the top takes just 14 seconds to open or close.


The retractable roof also tucks tightly away in front of the engine bay. This compactness is important for superb aerodynamics, attractive rear styling and for the engine’s mid-rear position. Top-down driving is exhilarating, but correct distribution of airflow inside the cockpit is vital for occupants to fully enjoy the top-down experience without off-putting turbulence.

This is why an electric wind stop rises when the hard top has folded away. Wind tunnel research with e full-scale model helped finalize the height and dimension of the deploying wind stop.


The wind stop's position can also be adjusted. The driver can electrically stow it fully, unleashing a bit more sound from the engine when the top is up.

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Powertrain

AS AN "INTERNATIONAL ENGINE OF THE YEAR," THE 4.5-LITER, 562-HP V8 DELIVERS STATE-OF-THE-ART PERFORMANCE AND TECHNOLOGY.

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The 458 Spider and 458 Italia share this 4.5-liter, 562-hp V8 engine. Details differ, though. The air intakes have been relocated from the B-pillar location on the coupe to the rear of the Spider, just ahead of the spoiler.

The new intake position demanded a redesign of the inlet tracts to provide the same aural pleasure with the top down. A new balance on intake and exhaust mix - equal sound levels between them from 3000 to 5000 rpm - best suits the Spider’s open air nature.

The soundtrack in the cabin is particularly exhilarating with the top up, too. By partially lowering the wind stop with the top up, drivers will find extra sound levels.

REMARKABLY EFFICIENT DESPITE TOWERING PERFORMANCE.

The 458 Spider gives much-improved fuel efficiency through Ferrari's HELE (High Emotion, Low Emissions) concept, which incorporates several key technologies: Stop-Start, which cuts fuel consumption around 10 percent in urban cycles; a low-pressure fuel pump; Pulse Width Modulation-controlled fans with brushless motors that use permanent magnets and eliminates friction and cutting fuel consumption by about 6 percent; and an electronic variable-displacement air conditioning compressor.


THE F-1 GEARBOX: THE REVOLUTION EVOLVES.

The breakthrough Ferrari gearbox evolves even more in the 458 Spider, with gear shifting time - the overlap between opening and closing phases of the two clutches - being zero, removing any interruption of engine torque to the wheels.

Short, evenly spaced gear ratios match the power and torque curves of the 562-hp V8, guaranteeing high torque even at low speeds. The E-Diff electronic differential is now within the gearbox, making a more compact, lighter unit.

The 458 Spider also receives its own gear sets with unique ratios for the final drive, first and seventh gears. Drivers will notice plenty of low-down torque, strong acceleration throughout and a seventh gear to reach the Spider's maximum speed.

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Architecture

THE 458 SPIDER'S RETRACTABLE HARD TOP CONCEPT DELIVERS EXCEPTIONAL HANDLING, SAFETY AND LIGHTNESS

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The 458 Spider's aluminum chassis is manufactured at Polo Scaglietti in Modena. Several types of aluminum alloy are used to make the chassis, each with a specific function. Two alloys are used in thin castings. Five high-resistance alloys go into the extrusions where strength is 80% higher than with previous alloys. Front and rear crash boxes use a uniquely structured aluminum to guarantee maximum energy absorption. Alongside these high-tech materials, Ferrari also uses the most advanced forming technologies, including Superplastic forming to make highly complex shapes less than .039-in. thick.


With different materials going into the structure of the 458 Spider, Ferrari looked for strong joining techniques that also keep weight off. Minimizing the number of components in the car nets benefits in both performance and safety.

New solutions include more robust sills and structural buttresses which increase torsional rigidity and beam stiffness both by 23 percent, compared to the previous F430 figures. These buttresses also provide roll-over protection and their use easily exceeds the most stringent safety requirements.

Aerodynamics

A BENCHMARK FOR AERODYNAMIC EFFICIENCY, LOW DRAG AND INCREASED DOWNFORCE.

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Ferrari learned from its inception in motorsports about the critical role aerodynamics and air manipulation plays in serving a moving vehicle's stability, grip and efficiency. Careful aero thought goes into every Ferrari and the 458 Spider is a unique study. The retractable roof and what it means to aero characteristics creates a big variable. But we've actually played that to the Spider's advantage. The Spider is about 12 percent more aerodynamically efficient than the previous F430 Spider. The nose has two small aero-elastic winglets which generate downforce and with building speed, deform to reduce drag. Innovations specific to the Spider include the geometry of the double curvature roof, the roof buttresses that direct air to the rear intake grilles, those grilles being larger on the engine cover than the coupe's.

The shape and curvature of the roof allows split air to quickly re-attach behind the roof, increasing downforce and boosting the efficiency of the rear of the car, a critical factor for a Spider. In fact, the 458 Spider is just as aerodynamically efficient as the 458 Italia coupe.

The transverse roof curvature together with the buttress design leads airflow right to the engine’s rear air intakes. The rear spoiler uses a prominent nolder profile that improves the aerodynamic efficiency from the engine and radiator intakes. The engine cover grilles also suck air in from off of the roof and buttresses, cooling the engine bay.

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vehicle dynamics

Ferrari_458-Spider_lateral view

THE 458 SPIDER REVELS IN TWISTY ROADS LIKE IT REVELS IN SUNSETS: OPENLY.

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The 458 Spider's front suspension employs a novel double-wishbone arrangement that uses an L-shaped lower wishbone. This rear-facing arm provides greater longitudinal flexibility which improves bump absorption and lowers noise. The multi-link rear suspension shares these features. Combined with specially-developed tires, the 458 Spider therefore exhibits less body roll than the previous F430 as one overall, tangible result. At the same time, steering is quickened by 30 percent, requiring less steering input than the F430.


DYNAMIC TECHNOLOGIES: INTEGRATED, ANTICIPATED AND SOPHISTICATED.

For decades, Ferrari has been at the forefront of advanced driving systems born in top-level F1 motorsports. And the dividends pay within our road cars. A suite of technologies bring previously unreachable performance levels within reach. The E-Diff 3 electronic differential and F1-Trac traction control software enable astonishing acceleration and the controls for them are now contained in a single ECU, providing immediate communication.

 

The E-Diff 3 electronic differential now works with F1-Trac parameters and evaluations like grip estimation. This occurs in F1-Trac-enabled manettino positions (Sport and Race), and positions where it is deactivated (ESC Off and CST Off). A new Power On strategy has been developed where the E-Diff 3 delivers improved torque distribution coming out of corners (in Sport, Race, ESC Off and CST Off), translating into improved grip and more progressive handling at the limit. This improves acceleration off of corners by 32 percent compared to previous models.   


Magnetorheological Shocks

The 458 Spider receives the Magnetorheological Suspension Control shock absorber (damping) system first introduced on the 599 GTB Fiorano. This SCM2 system uses a 50 percent faster ECU and a damper force generation response time of 8 milliseconds compared to the 599′s 15 milliseconds. These dampers use a viscous fluid which reacts instantaneously to an electro-magnetic field generated inside the damper to changing damping characteristics. The new dampers also improve small-bump or vibration resistance and benefit from 35-percent reduced internal friction.

 


RACING MANETTINO: AS YOU LIKE IT

The 458 Spider’s Racing manettino allows variation to the vehicle dynamic controls by adjusting various electronic control systems. The SPORT and RACE settings are recommended for day-to-day driving on roads in normal conditions, and provide either a more comfortable drive or a more exhilarating experience, respectively.
Low-grip situations call for the WET setting. The CT-off position deactivates traction control and ESC-off deactivates both traction control and stability control, the latter two settings advised only on high-grip surfaces.

The driver can also de-couple the 458 Spider’s suspension damping from the manettino setting. This offers improved “filtering” of uneven or broken road surfaces, such as a badly paved road. Suspension decoupling can be selected in all manettino positions with the exception of WET, which always engages the most compliant damper setting.


BRAKES AND TIRES

Since 2008, we’ve fit Brembo carbon-ceramic brakes to every Ferrari. The 458 Italia wears six-piston aluminum front brake calipers with 15.6-inch discs in front and 14.1-inch discs in the rear that far surpass event the highest performance expectations, stopping from 62 mph in just 107.6 feet and from 124 mph in only 421.5 feet. These excellent results are partially due to specific calibration of the ABS for medium and high-grip surfaces, and by integrating ABS logic with the E-Diff 3, netting a more accurate reading of vehicle speed, better brake torque control, as well as enhanced vehicle stability. Standard alloy wheels wear 235/35 ZR20-inch front tires and 295/35 ZR20-inch rear tires.


Specifications

V8 – 90° Engine

Direct Injection - Dry Sump

Maximum power

419 kW

(570 CV)

at 9000 rpm

Acceleration 0-100km/h

3,4 sec

0-100km/h

BODY

Retractable Hard-top

Overall length 178.2 in
Overall width 76.3 in
Height 47.7 in
Wheelbase 104.3 in
Front track 65.8 in
Rear track 63.2 in
Kerb weight* 3384 lb
Dry weight* 3153 lb
Weight distribution 42% front - 58% rear
Boot capacity 8.12 cu ft
Rear bench capacity 2.05 cu ft
Fuel tank capacity 22.7 US gallon - 4.2 US gallon reserve (86 l - 16 l riserve)
Front 235/35 20" x 8.5"
Rear 295/35 20" x 10.5"
Front 15.7 x 8.8 x 1.4 in - isoF142
Rear 14.2 x 9.2 x 1.3 in - isoF142
Type V8 - 90° - Direct Injection - Dry Sump
Bore and Stroke 3.7 x 3.2 in
Total displacement 274.4 cu in
Compression ratio 12.5:1
Horsepower 562 bhp** @ 9000 rpm
Torque 398 lbs/ft @ 6000 rpm
Maximum revs per minute 9000 rpm
Maximum speed 199 mph (320 km/h)
0-62 mph < 3.4 s
0-124 mph < 10.8 s
0-437 yd 11.4 s
0-1093 yd 20.5 s
62-0 mph 107.6 ft
124-0 mph 421.6 ft
Fiorano Lap Time 85.5 s
Fuel consumption*** 19.9 mpg
CO2 Emissions *** 442.5 g/mile
7 gears F1 dual clutch transmission -
E-Diff3, F1-Trac, High Performance ABS with Ferrari Pre-Fill -
* With Forged Rims and Racing Seat
** Included 3.7 kW by dinamic over pressure
*** Combined cycle with HELE system (ECE+EUDC)

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